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It was Allama Iqbal who convinced the great MAJ in 1931 that the Two Nation Theory is not a human invention. It derives from, and is based on, the Qur'an. Notice Allah's party and Satan's party.
58:19 Their selfish desires have overpowered them, and made them oblivious to God’s reminder. Such folks are the party of the Satan. It is they, the Satan’s party, who are the ultimate losers.
58:20 Those who oppose God and His Messenger, will be among the most humiliated ones.
58:21 For, God has decreed, “It is I and My Messengers who must prevail.” God is Strong, Exalted in power.
58:22 You will not find those who truly believe in God and the Last Day endear anyone who opposes God and His Messengers, even though they be their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their tribe. God has inscribed conviction on their hearts, and has strengthened them with Energy from Himself. So, He will admit them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow. Well pleased is God with them, and well pleased are they with Him. Certainly, they are the party of God. It is they, the party of God, who are truly successful.
Allama Iqbal had already confronted Mullah Abulkalam Azad ("Abussukoot Paaband" according to Khwaja Hasan Nizami) with:
MULLAH KO JO HAI HINDD MEIN SAJAJDAY KI IJAZAT
NADAAN YEH SAMAJHTA HAI KEH ISLAM HAI AZAD
(As the Mullah is permitted to prostrate on the Indian soil, he of little insight thinks that Islam is free.)
Quaid-e-Azam presented the clearest possible vision of a true Islamic State.
"In Islam, the ultimate obedience belongs to God alone and the only way to follow His guidance is through the Holy Qur'an. Islam does not preach obedience to a king, parliament, person or any institution. The Islamic government means Rule of the Qur'an. And how can you establish Rule of the Qur'an without an independent state? In this state, legislation will take place in the boundaries drawn by the Qur'an. The Book ascertains the limits of our freedom and restrictions."
Muhammad Ali Jinnah's interview to the Student Union of Osmania University in Hyderabad, Deccan, 19 August 1941, as reported by Orient Press. Reproduced in Urdu in Roznama (Daily) Inqalab, January 1942.
Also reported in "Husn-e-Kirdaar ka Naqsh-e-Tabinda" by Allama G.A.P.